Impeachment: Bush appoints Rice SecDef without Senate approval
Andrew Johnson was impeached for making unlawful appointments.
Bush's appointing Rice -- Secretary of State -- as "lead" in combat zones -- in effect, making her SecDef -- is no different.
Yes, I know Bush hasn't actually appointed Rice as SecDef -- but if you look at the missions assigned to State, he's essentially done that. I'm forecasting another mess like Katrina.
It appears Bush is relying on Rice's NSC-leadership role, but transferring that authority from both the NSC and DoD to State.
We judge the changed roles, missions, oversight, and responsibilities have not been sufficiently coordinated with Congress.
Beware the name change -- Bush no different than Johnson.
without authority of law, while the Senate of the United States was then and there in session, he did appoint one Lorenzo Thomas to be Secretary for the Department of War, ad interim, without the advice and consent of the Senate, and with intent to violate the Constitution of the United States, no vacancy having happened in said office of Secretary for the Department of War during the recess of the Senate Article III
Put this on your impeachment list.
Look at this function, which would require State to coordinate with intelligence, military, and other units:
[The transfer of authority would] enable Washington to assist foreign governments in preventing their territory from being used as a safe haven for "terrorists, organized crime groups" or others who posed a threat to the United States. MoreThis essentially puts State in a position of gathering intelligence, analyzing threats, and ensuring plans are in place to mitigate these threats.
US moving form pre-emptive war to pre-emptive nation building:
In addition, the United States would work with other countries and organizations to anticipate state failure and "avoid it whenever possible," said the statement.
The idea of a General Staff within the Pentagon is to act as a central clearing house, planning center.
Melanie Anderton, a spokeswoman for that department, said the goal was to improve coordination across U.S. government agencies when a crisis arose and to map out strategy beforehand.
"Where we will focus is on conflict and trying to avoid conflicts and finding ways to help a country transition out of conflict," Anderton told Reuters.
How does State envision using CIA assets or Special Forces in troubled, crisis zones:
Projects her office was currently working on included trouble zones Sudan and Haiti where teams were drawing up strategic plans on how to cope with crises in those countries.
One of the problems in re Katrina was the poor link between resources and the leadership. It appears as though the Senate has not been given chance to discuss this change. Bluntly, Federal resources were not effectively coordinated.
It appears the same problem is brewing with this new arrangement. But rather than isolate the problem -- ineffective command and control of resources outside the department -- to the United States, the new change is likely to affect multiple locations.
Take a look at the powers Bush has transferred from SecDef to State:
The Secretary of State shall coordinate and lead integrated United States Government efforts, involving all U.S. Departments and Agencies with relevant capabilities, to prepare, plan for, and conduct stabilization and reconstruction activities.
Depending on the situation, these operations can be conducted with or without U.S. military engagement.
When the U.S. military is involved, the Secretary of State shall coordinate such efforts with the Secretary of Defense to ensure harmonization
with any planned or ongoing U.S. military operations across the spectrum of
The United States shall work with other countries and organizations, to anticipate state failure, avoid it whenever possible, and respond quickly and effectively when necessary and appropriate to promote peace, security, development, democratic practices, market economies, and the rule of law.